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Rituals



spiritual works

Concentração (meditation)

Cura (healing)

Hinário (book of hymns)

Santa Missa (holy mass)







Spiritual Works

The Santo Daime rituals are a strong support in the process of selfpurification. The Daime casts aways the old identity, the crusts of the ego, the psychic imbalances and spiritual obstacles, and with this the roots of physical illness. By taking the responsibility to work on body and mind, participants can evolve to a higher spiritual consciousness. In the history of the Santo Daime religion, different rituals have been developed for different purposes. The most common rituals are the 'Concentração', the 'Cura', the 'Hinário' and the 'Santa Missa'. All rituals have a precise structure, as received by Master Irineu. The singing of the hymns forms the basis of the rituals, transmitting the teachings and expressing a profound love for all Divine Beings, as manifested in nature. The dancing in some rituals, plays an important part in forming a strong, spiritual current among the participants, giving them strength and protection.



Concentração

The 'Concentração' (meditation) is the first ritual which has been revealed by Master Irineu. It is held on every 15th and 30th day of the month, and takes about five hours. Essential part is a group meditation, in which every participant gets the time to become 'one' with the beverage. The personal space that is offered this way, makes the Concentração an accessible ritual.


Cura

The 'Cura' (cure) takes about five hours and usually takes place a couple of times a month. The hymns that are being sung, are very strong hymns in which spiritual entities are called to help the people who need it. As the Santo Daime religion has a strong syncretic character, these entities have different origins: God the Father, the Holy Mother, Jesus Christ, angels and archangels, the celestial constellations, the forces of nature, but also spiritual entities from the rainforest and entities with African roots.


Hinário

A 'Hinário' (collection of hymns) is sung and danced on important days of the Daimistic Calendar, and can take more than twelve hours. These days come from the Christian traditions, completed with days which find their origin in the history of the Santo Daime religion. Many festive days are concentrated around the months of June and December, periods that are therefor also known as the Summer and the Winter festival. The Hinários that are being sung, are those of the spiritual leaders of the doctrine, and the 'fardados' (uniformed) wear for the special occasion their 'farda branca' (white uniform).


Santa Missa

The 'Santa Missa' (holy mass) from Master Irineu is sung in memory of the brothers and sisters who returned to the spiritual world, and is composed of many prayers and slow hymns. This ritual takes about two hours, and is held on the first monday of each month, as well as on days that mark the passage of a spiritual leader of the Santo Daime.



Churches

Churches of Santo Daime are usually of a hexagonal shape. In the middle of the inner space, is a hexagonal or star-shaped table, around which are defined six areas. These areas, three for the women and three for the men, represent the generations that are present in the community. This way, the feminine and masculine energies keep eachother balanced during the ritual. Depending of the kind of ritual, the participants sit, stand or dance around the table. The places at the table are usually reserved for the 'comandante' (commander) and the musicians.

Outside view on the church of Céu do Juruá (2003).
Inside the church, well decorated for the Festival (2003).



Fardados

Everyone can choose to become 'fardado' (uniformed) when he or she feels ready for it. This means that one becomes dedicated to the religion, a personal decision which is sealed inside of a ritual by receiving a small, metallic star, usually decorated with the symbols of the eagle and the moon, which the person will wear on the uniform in all future rituals. Women and men who are fardado wear special outfits, in order to obtain visual harmony during the rituals.

The basic uniform is called 'farda azul' (blue costume), which is used for most of the rituals. The women wear a blue skirt, a white shirt and a blue bow, while the men wear blue pants, a white shirt and a blue tie.

The festive uniform is called 'farda branca' (white costume), and is only used for the Hinários. The women wear a white skirt, a white shirt with green ornaments, and a little crown, while the men wear white pants with a double green line on each side, a white shirt, a white jacket and a blue tie.